Juni In , Morgenthau proposed the Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, calling for Germany to lose the heavy industry, and the Ruhr area. It took over two months for General Clay to overcome continued resistance to the new directive JCS , but on July 10, , it was finally. was superseded by the more accommodative JCS The first American Military Government Commander in Germany was. Dwight D. Eisenhower (of World.
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These people ensured that the JCS was interpreted as strictly as possible. It mcs the basic policies which will guide you in those two capacities after the termination of the combined command of the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.
Removal of plants and equipment by members of the United Nations as restitution and reparation Paragraph 4. In no event shall any differentiation be made between or special consideration be accorded to persons arrested, either as to manner 7179 arrest or conditions of detention, upon the basis of wealth or political, industrial, or other rank or position.
Property, real and jfs, owned or controlled by the Nazi party, its formations, affiliated associations and supervised organizations, and by all persons subject to arrest under the provisions of paragraph 8, and found within your zone, will be taken under your control pending a decision by the Control Council or higher authority as to its eventual disposition. Too many jcw here and in England hold the view that the German people as a whole are not responsible for what has taken place — that only a few Nazis are responsible.
In October Harper and Brother published Morgenthau’s book Germany is Our Problemwhere Morgenthau described his plan and the rationale for it in greater detail. Over a period of years, American policy slowly changed away from this policy of “industrial disarmament”. There follows at this point in the directive a detailed list of categories of Nazi war criminals and others who are to be arrested.
At most, the short-lived approval of the Morgenthau Plan by Roosevelt might possibly be seen as a guiding principle of his policy toward Germany, especially since important elements of this plan jfs their way into [JCS ].
Eisenhower had “loaned” to the Army of occupation. You will take no action that would tend to support ics living standards in Germany on a higher level than that existing in any one of the neighboring United Nations and you will take appropriate measures to ensure that basic living standards of the German people are not higher than those existing in any one of the neighboring Jds Nations when such measures will contribute to raising the standards of any such nation. Grundlegung und Anwendungen des situationsstrukturellen Ansatzes [ Interests and Institutions in International Politics: It is considered appropriate, at the time of the release to the American public of the following directive setting forth United States policy with reference to the military government of Germany, to preface the directive with a short statement of the circumstances surrounding the issuance of the js to General Eisenhower.
You will strongly discourage fraternization with the German officials and population.
Some have read into the clause “from whom we had much to ask” that Churchill was bought off, and note a September 15 memo from Roosevelt to Hull stating that “Morgenthau has presented at Quebec, in conjunction with his plan for Germany, a proposal of credits to Britain totalling six and half billion dollars. Roosevelt 179, after reading it, rejected it with the words:. You will take such action as will insure that any impounded or blocked assets will be dealt with only as permitted under licenses or other instructions which you may issue.
It cannot be done unless we exterminate or move 25, people out of it. Courts which are to exercise jurisdiction over territory jccs beyond the boundaries of your zone will be reopened only with the express authorization of the Control Council and under its regulation, supervision and control. To take a recent example, the Morgenthau plan gave Dr. In the U.
JCS | gooldsteins view on the topics in the world
In view of the continued poverty and famine in Europe, and with the onset of the Cold War which made it important not to lose all of Germany to the communistsit was apparent by that a change of policy was required. Colonel John Boettiger who worked in the War Department explained to Morgenthau how the American troops who had had to fight 179 five weeks against fierce German resistance to capture the city of Aachen had complained to him that the Morgenthau Plan was “worth thirty divisions to the Germans.
All archives, monuments and museums of Nazi inception, or which are devoted to the perpetuation of German militarism, will be taken under your control and their properties held pending decision as to their disposition by the Control Council.
To assist in carrying out this policy you will make a survey of combines and pools, mergers, holding companies and interlocking directorates and communicate the results, together with recommendations, to your government through the Joint Chiefs of Staff. But Goebbels and Hitler had been so successful with their use of the “Jewish murder plan” for the “enslavement of Germany” in their last-ditch propaganda that many people believed the programme had really received serious consideration.
The closure of Nazi educational institutions such as Adolf Hitler Schulen, Napolas and Ordensburgen and of Nazi organizations within other educational institutions will be permanent. It is the policy of your government to effect a dispersion of the ownership and control of German industry.
You will impound or block all gold, silver, currencies, securities, accounts in financial institutions, 17799, valuable papers, and all other assets falling within the following categories: Rooseveltrespectively, reached agreement on a number of matters, including a plan for Germany, based on Morgenthau’s original proposal.
Vladimir Petrov, an expert on the financial aspects of the occupation, wrote: In the imposition and maintenance of such controls as may be prescribed by you or the Control Council, German authorities will to the fullest extent practicable be ordered to proclaim and assume administration of such controls. The Agonies of German Jjcs, Results from till the end of Pending agreement in the Control Council, you will put such measures into effect in your own 17779 as soon as you have had an opportunity to review and determine production necessary for the purposes stated in paragraphs 4 and 5 of this directive.
Morgenthau Plan – Wikipedia
All armaments plants, including some that could have been converted to civilian operation, were dismantled or destroyed. To this end you will encourage autonomy in regional, local and municipal agencies of German administration. Hilldring responded that it was better to have something than nothing and that it had been carefully drafted by Stimpson and his deputy McCloy to include loopholes. Germany was to be reduced to the standard of life it had known in BBC Radio 4, History: They were most active in the first crucial months of the occupation, but continued their activities for almost two years following the resignation of Morgenthau in mid and some time later also of their leader Colonel Bernard Bernsteinwho was “the repository of the Morgenthau spirit in the army of occupation”.
Occupation forces were not to assist with economic development apart from the agricultural sector. Reunification won overwhelmingly, and on January 1,it rejoined West Germany as the state of Saarland. It was replaced by JCSwhich instead stressed that “[a]n orderly, prosperous Europe requires the economic contributions of a stable and productive Germany”.
Everything that could not be dismantled was blown up or otherwise destroyed. Consistent with military necessity, all religious institutions will be respected. It is anticipated that substantially similar directives will be issued to the Commanders in Chief of the U.