A to Z: Hernia, Umbilical. An umbilical hernia is a hernia that happens when part of the intestines bulges through the abdominal wall next to the belly button. An umbilical hernia is diagnosed during a physical exam. Sometimes imaging studies — such as an abdominal ultrasound or a CT scan — are. An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the navel is damaged. It may cause the navel to bulge outwards—the bulge.
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Log in with your Medical News Today account to create or edit your custom homepage, catch-up on your opinions notifications and set your newsletter preferences. Sign up for a free Medical News Today hedniorrafia to customize your medical and health news experiences. There are different types of hernia. According to an article in The BMJa true umbilical hernia happens when there is a defect in the anterior abdominal wall that underlies the umbilicus, or navel.
Although umbilical hernias are easily treatable, they can become a serious condition on rare occasions.
Umbilical hernias are common in young infants, but the exact rate is not known because many cases go unreported and resolve themselves without the need for treatment. They are particularly common in infants born preterm. Up to 75 percent of newborns with a birth weight of less than 1. While the developing fetus is in the womb, the umbilical cord passes through an opening in the abdominal wall.
This should close soon after birth. However, the muscles do not always seal completely, leaving a weak spot through which an umbilical hernia can push. In most cases, an umbilical hernia experienced by an infant closes on its own by the age of 3 to 4 years. If a hernia is still present by the time the child is 4 years old, a doctor may recommend surgery.
hernikrrafia Umbilical hernias can also develop in adults, especially if they are clinically overweight, lifting heavy objects, or have a persistent cough.
Women who have had multiple pregnancies have a higher risk of developing an umbilical hernia. In adults, hernias are much more common in females. Among infants, the risk is about the same for males and females.
An umbilical hernia looks like a lump in the navel.
Umiblical might become more obvious when the infant is laughing, crying, going to the toilet, or coughing. When the child is lying down or relaxed, the lump may shrink. It is not usually painful in children and infants.
Hernkorrafia, adults may feel pain or discomfort if a hernia is large. As the fetus develops in the womb, a small opening forms in the abdominal muscles. This opening allows the umbilical cord to pass through.
This connects the woman who is pregnant to the baby. Around the time of birth, or shortly after, the opening should close. If this does not happen completely, fatty tissue or part of the bowel can poke through, causing an umbilical hernia. If there is too much pressure on the abdominal wall, fatty tissue or a part of the bowel can poke through a weak section of abdominal muscle.
Individuals at high risk are more likely to experience higher-than-normal pressure in areas where fatty tissue or parts of the gut can protrude.
A doctor will be able to diagnose an umbilical hernia during a physical examination. They may also be able to determine what type of hernia is it. If it involves the bowel, for example, there may be a risk of obstruction. If the doctor wants to screen for complications, they may request an abdominal ultrasoundX-ray, or blood tests.
Treatment is not always required, as some instances of umbilical hernia self-resolve. However, this may not always be herniorrafoa case, especially for adults. For the majority of infants, the umbiljcal closes without treatment by the age of 12 months. Sometimes, the doctor may be able to push the lump back into the abdomen. It is important that only the doctor attempts this. Surgery is usually recommended for adults.
This can prevent potential complications, especially if the hernia grows or starts to hurt. Umbilical hernia surgery is a small, quick operation to push the bulge back into place and to strengthen the abdominal wall.
According to the American College of Surgeons, either open or laparoscopic surgery may be used. Surgery involves makes an incision at the base of the bellybutton and pushes either the fatty lump or bowel back into the abdomen. In open surgerythe surgeon will open the site and repair the hernia by using mesh and stitching the muscle together.
In laparoscopic surgery hrrniorrafia, or keyhole, surgery, mesh and sutures will be pass through small incisions. Dissolvable stitches or special glue are used to close the wound. The surgeon will sometimes apply a pressure dressing on the hernia, which remains in place for 4 to 5 days.
An umbilical hernia operation usually takes about 20 to 30 minutes. If the protrusion becomes trapped and cannot be pushed back into the herniorrfia cavity, the primary concern is that the intestines might lose blood supply and become damaged.
Umbilical hernia – Wikipedia
If the blood supply is completely cut off, there is a risk of gangrene and life-threatening infections. Incarceration is rare in adults and even less common in children. Article last updated by Adam Felman on Fri 29 Herniografia All references are available in the References tab.
Adult umbilical hernia repair. Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of a simple umbilical hernjorrafia. What hrrniorrafia need to know. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not umbilicall as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers.
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Table of contents What is it? Fast facts on umbilical hernia Umbilical hernias are common in babies born preterm.
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