Many testicular cancers contain both seminoma and non-seminoma cells. These mixed germ cell tumors are treated as non-seminomas. In this stage, the cancer has not spread outside the testicle, and your Because seminoma cells are very sensitive to radiation, low doses can. Patients with Stage 1 testicular cancer of non-seminoma type have a primary cancer that is limited to the testes and is curable in more than 95% of cases.

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Usually stage II seminomas are given higher doses of radiation than stage I seminomas.

This survey demonstrates the importance of having all treatment information presented in an objective fashion and for the need to seek the opinion of more than one physician, preferably in a different subspecialty. Tree-structured proportional hazards regression modeling. This is a slow-growing form of testicular cancer found in men in their 40s and 50s. Bleeding and infection after surgery Infertility if both testicles are removed Testicular cancer survivors are at increased risk of developing: Imaging tests CT scans and sometimes chest x-rays are done every 3 months for 6 months, and then once or twice a year.

Patients who are interested in participating in a clinical trial should discuss the risks and benefits of clinical trials with their physician. Three types of treatment can be used. You may get 4 cycles of BEP if you have an intermediate or poor risk non-seminoma.

Testicular cancer

Your next treatment may be surgery to take out all enlarged nodes if your tumor marker levels are normal. Other search option s Alphabetical list. In Table 1how the risk factors were combined into three prognostic groups for patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumours NSGCT with either good, intermediate or poor prognosis are shown. The testicles are made up of many types of cells, each of which seninomatoso develop into one or more types of cancer.


The intermediate prognosis group is defined by the presence of any intermediate tumour marker, that is, one or more intermediate tumour markers are present. Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted.

Testicular cancer: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

To test whether and which interactions were present, we added all two-way interactions between the IGCC risk factors in a Cox regression model. This means getting physical exams and blood tests every 3 to 6 months for the first year, and less often after that. CopyrightCancer Research UK. Specialised Social Services Eurordis directory.

The classification can be seen as a max function where the good, intermediate and poor prognosis groups have a maximum score of zero, one or two, respectively.

Types of testicular cancer

The IGCC classification can be viewed as implying that the risk factors are strongly dependent, that is, that there are interactions between risk factors. The optimism can be quantified with statistical methods, known as internal validation techniques Steyerberg et al This fluid then enters the urethra, the tube in the center of the penis through which both urine and semen leave the body. Radiation therapy is usually only used for treating seminomas. Simple scoring scheme for calculating the risk of acute coronary events based on the year follow-up of the prospective cardiovascular Munster PROCAM study.

Type of testicular tumor Stage of the tumor Once cancer is found, the first step is to determine the type of cancer cell by examining it under a microscope. If these tests do not find any signs that cancer has spread beyond the testicle, no other treatment is needed.

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Prediction of metastatic status in non-seminomatous testicular cancer.

Leydig cell tumors Sertoli cell tumors. Every testicular cancer patient is different. This is a rare form of testicular cancer, accounting for only about five percent of cases. Chemotherapy – what to ask your doctor Radiation therapy – questions to ask your doctor. Cancers of the prostate, lung, skin melanomakidney, and other organs also can spread to the testicles. Statistical analyses The IGCC classification makes no clear distinction between the intermediate tumour markers and between the poor risk factors and is represented by a max score.

The lack of improvement in discriminative ability in both the classifications with three and five groups might also be explained by the dominance of the good prognosis group, which has a similar survival for all classifications and contains more than half of all patients.

Radiation therapy is generally not used for stage IIC seminoma. Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message. However, there are two main types of tumors that account for semniomatoso majority of testicular cancers:. If your tumor marker levels are high, the cancer isn’t really stage 0 — even when only CIS is found in the testicle and there are no signs of cancer spread.