ARISTOLOCHIA BRACTEATA PDF

Aristolochia bracteolata is a perennial, or rarely annual, mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect, unpleasantly smelling herb growing from 10 – Learn more about Aristolochia uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Aristolochia. Common name: Worm Killer, Dutchman’s Pipe, Bracteated Birth Wort • Bengali: কীরামার Kiramar, Patuvanga • Gujarati: કીરામાર Kiramar • Hindi: कीटमार.

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The MIC aristolocia the compound was defined as the lowest concentration that inhibited the visible bacterial growth and the MBC was defined as the lowest concentration that prevented the growth of the organism after subculture onto antibiotic-free plates. They are united with the style, forming a gynostemium.

In traditional Chinese medicine Aristolochia species are used for certain forms of acute arthritis and edema. Coats, Garden Shrubs and Their Historiess. The antifungal activity was determined by disk diffusion method [ 2526 ]. Each fraction was concentrated under reduced pressure to a constant weight to give braacteata corresponding aristollchia -hexane fraction 0.

The n -hexane fraction had moderate activity against S. The antifungal activity was evaluated by measuring the inhibition zone diameter in millimeter observed. Aristolochia bracteolata showed a definite positive effect on wound healing, with significant increase in the level of powerful antioxidant enzymes.

Klebsiella pneumoniaeEscherichia coliSalmonella typhimuriumStreptococcus pyogenesStreptococcus agalactiaeStaphylococcus epidermidisNeisseria lactamicusEnterobacter cloacaeBacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia enterocolitica. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Remember me Forgot password? The Bamboo Garden quoted in Alice M. Views Read Edit View aristolocha.

Aristolochia bracteolata – Useful Tropical Plants

Laboratories of the world have found literally thousands of phytochemicals which have inhibitory effects on all types of microorganisms in vitro. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

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Antibacterial and antifungal activities of methanol extract against gram-positive, gram-negative, and fungal strains aristolchia investigated by the agar disk diffusion method.

These hairs then wither to release the fly, covered with pollen. Organic solvent extracts of the plant showed antibacterial activities while the water extract showed antifungal activity [ 17 ]. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. The whole plant of Aristolochia bracteolata was extracted successively with MeOH and subjected to liquid-liquid fractionation with n -hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and aristolocha -butanol.

Structure of AA-1, AA-1 methyl aristo,ochia, and piperonylic acid. Germplasm Resources Information Network. Antibacterial Assay The antibacterial activity was tested by agar disc diffusion assay [ 24 ]. These adducts have a preference for adenine bases, and cause A-to-T transversions.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Zhong Hua Ben Cao3—— There are six to 40 stamens in one whorl.

Some species, like A. Aristolochia Aristolochia labiata Scientific classification Kingdom: These flowers have a specialized pollination mechanism. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Among the strains tested, Moraxella catarrhalis and sea urchin-derived Bacillus sp. International Journal of Bacteriology. Although AA-1 is highly effective in killing M. Its root and leaves were bitter and anthelmintic and are medicinally important. Afterward results were confirmed by two trained laboratory personnel. Explicit use of et al.

Aristolochia bracteolata

It is also widespread used in Sudan and other African countries as one of the most effective herbal remedies for infectious diseases. The smooth stem is erect or somewhat twining. Initial steps in new drug discovery involve identification of new chemical entities, which can be either sourced through chemical synthesis afistolochia can be isolated from natural products through biological activity guided fractionation. Antibacterial activity of crude plant extract and fractions.

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Antibacterial activity of Aristolochia bracteata root extracts.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Moraxella catarrhalis, Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila, Bracteatz typhi, Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia enterocolitica. The species Aristolochia clematitis was highly regarded as a medicinal plant since the ancient EgyptiansGreeks and Romansand on to until the Early Modern era; it also plays a role in traditional Chinese medicine.

View at Google Scholar E. Aristolochia taxa have also been used as reptile repellents. II, Aristolochia bracteolata Lam.

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. If so, it contains those species with a three-lobed calyx. Introduction Moraxella catarrhalis is a gram-negative, aerobic diplococcus human mucosal pathogen which causes middle ear infections in infants and children [ 1 — 3 ], and it is one of the three major causes of otitis media along with Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae [ 4 ]. Ina series of end-stage renal disease cases was reported [9] [18] from Belgium associated with a weight loss treatment, where Stephania bracheata in a herbal preparation was suspected of being substituted with Aristolochia fangchi.

A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Retrieved bracteataa ” https: II, Aristolochia bracteata Retz.